Let it be observed, too, that while the two figures of salt and sunlight both express the same function of Christians - their blessed influence on their fellow men - they each set this forth under a different aspect. Instead they put it on its stand, and it gives light to everyone in the house. He affirms that wherever two or three are assembled together in his name he … The People's New Testament, by B. W. Johnson. (F. Goode, M. for they are they מנהרין לעלמא, "that enlighten the world", the people of the house of Israel. The criterion at the judgment. There is another side of the Christian religion—namely, that of witnessing for God in the midst of perverse generations. It is not enough to be Christians only to ourselves, we must be so before God and men. I. Certainly they are quite sufficient to suggest the name. Nor are Christians anywhere else so called. Christians the light of the world The Church can diffuse light. He who simply did what the Church bids him do (if he did no more) would witness a good confession in the world, and one which cannot be hid, and at the same time with very little, if any, personal display. 3. Light; that which shows things as they are, and gives to men right views of them. λ.] Safed is truly a high tower, on which to set the watchmen of Zion. Jesus would do great works. “See your good works.”, III. This may be done without injury to our Christian gentleness and humbleness, though it is difficult to do it. Chrys. His position is like that of a city set on a hill, eminently conspicuous; he “cannot be hid,” and he ought not to try to be hid. I am not come to destroy “Nor do men light a lamp, and put it under the bushel measure, but on the stand.” Furthermore when men light a terracotta oil lamp in their homes it is in order that it may shine out. 2. Quesnell remarks here: "The Christian life is something very high and sublime, to which we cannot arrive without pains: while it withdraws us from the earth, and carries us nearer heaven, it places us in view, and as a mark, to the malice of carnal men.". When the English minstrel went to seek for his master of the Lion Heart, he played everywhere the monarch’s favourite tune, and was at length rewarded by hearing its notes sent feebly back to him from the prison wherein Richard was confined. Matthew 5:14 "Here's another way to put it: You're here to be light, bringing out the God-colors in the world. If they are faithful as the lamp of God they cannot help but shine, and through their lives, as well as with their lips, they will thus give testimony to Jesus. Sanhedrim, fol. οὐ δύναται.…] Of course it is possible that our Lord may have had some town before Him thus situated, but not Bethulia, whose very existence is probably fabulous, being only mentioned in the apocryphal book of Judith. These ancient parts of the castle render it all but certain that there was then a city or citadel on this most conspicuous “hill” top, and our Lord might well point to it to illustrate and confirm his precept. world "kosmos" = "mankind." A. The Lord Jesus Christ bestows it on his disciples, because they were appointed to preach the Gospel (Philippians 2:15. That religion, if it exists, cannot be concealed. As a member of the Church of Christ he must show good will. All the glass in the optical instruments, whether they are intended for scientific purposes, or for ordinary use, should be free from dross. II. That our good works must shine, but not blaze; all vain glory and ostentation must be avoided in the good works we do. The dominant idea contained in the metaphor. But — You my disciples have more important business to employ your minds about, and have higher hopes to encourage you. And since its dawn, even those bright things that were proposed as substitutes for it, this light has seized and made handmaids to it. ( Roma; nec inficiantur Iesuitae, Revelation 18:2) Joannes de Columna in his Mare Historiarum telleth us that Otho the emperor was once in a mind to make Rome the seat of his empire, as of old it had been. And here too, φῶς in this verse = λύχνος in Matthew 5:15, where the comparison is resumed. And therefore it follows, "and they shall glorify your Father which is in heaven.". God is in Heaven and they are on the earth. Three things are necessary to render a work good. L. Alexander, Penny Pulpit, New Series, No. Aug.: For it is not absurd if any one will understand "the house" to be the Church. on StudyLight.org. The full meaning of that article of the Creed, ‘I believe in the Holy Catholic Church,’ should be dear to us. A city that is set on an hill cannot be hid. 14 Ye are the light of the world. A city that is set on an hill cannot be hid. As a master his Christian character must shine. 1. The eyes of the world were upon them. [margin note: Philippians 2:15]. Matthew 5:14). J. H. Newman, Parochial and Plain Sermons, vol. II. If the people of God, and especially the preacher, are not behaving well the preacher preaches in vain. The φιλία τοῦ κόσμου (James 4:4), on the other hand, may be forbidden; comp. Matthew 8:3 Matthew 8 And Jesus said to him, See that you tell no one, but go, show yourself to the priest and offer the gift which Moses commanded, for a testimony to them. Matthew 5:8 - 'Blessed are the pure in heart, for they shall see God. Faith answers, ‘That hill is the accumulation of Divine providences and eternal decrees.’ Ever existing in the Divine mind, it broke upon the world in goodly proportions when the Risen Lord commissioned His disciples, “Go ye.” The Church is the creation of Jesus Christ Himself. This is the way in which it fulfils the language of the text. Were the light to go out from my inattention, in six months news would arrive from every part of the coast, that such ships and crews were lost through my neglect! 5. Interpretation of the Key Parts of Matthew 5:14 #1 “You are the light of the world.” Jesus’ plan all along was to ascend into heaven for an age that would extend at least two millennia. Matthew 8:3 Matthew 8 And Jesus said to him, See that you tell no one, but go, show yourself to the priest and offer the gift which Moses commanded, for a testimony to them. man's policy, or the outgrowth of circumstances, and the mention of it has no business in the Creed. The positive injunction that Christians are to do all in their power to secure that their light shall shine as brightly as possible. The priests of the law were to be neither deformed nor defective. IV. Matthew 6:14 - For if you forgive others for their transgressions, your heavenly Father will also forgive you. (Mat 5:14-16) The followers of Jesus should be like light. The sun renders objects visible, shows their form, their nature, their beauties, their deformities. : The lamp is the Divine word, of which it is said, "Thy word is a lamp unto my feet." But Christ knew that there would be strong temptation for the men that had it in them to be lights to hide their light. I must refer its beginning to a power not of this earth before it can present itself as an object of my faith. Now, the whole passage of man's life, from the cradle to the grave, is full of light. 14. (Pliny.) No one puts a lamp under a bowl because a lamp is designed to help people see in dark places. Ye are the light of the world. (Dr. Every man has a light peculiar to himself. The putting the lamp under the corn-measure means the preferring bodily ease and enjoyment to the duty of preaching the Gospel, and hiding the light of good teaching under temporal gratification. The ministers of the gospel are the lights of the world also; the angels of churches are stars, Revelation 1:20, and holy persons are children of light, 1 Thessalonians 5:5. נהורא דעלמא, "the light of the world"; but this title much better agrees and suits with the persons Christ gives it to, who, no question, had a view to those exalted characters the Jews gave to their celebrated Rabbins. May we not suppose that Christ alludes to this city, in these words of his, A city set on a hill cannot be hid?" Christ's words and actions showed the … A city that is set on a hill cannot be hid — So the Church of God should be as a central and elevated city, visible to all the world. 4. The lowest requirement of Christian consistency is the absence of every evil work-the least immorality vitiates the entire profession. Mark and Luke appear to apply the comparison in a different manner: for there Christ gives a general admonition, that they ought to take particular care, lest any one, trusting to the darkness, indulge freely in sin, because what is hidden for a time will afterwards be revealed. Christ’s Church was thus to be a mountain in the midst of a plain; a city planted on a hill. How skilled are we at communicating? It would give additional force and beauty to the passage to suppose that he pointed to the city. Of Safed Dr. Thomson (vol. This rule may serve for some external direction in this perplexed case. It is better adapted to good than bad. And the ministers of the gospel (for the word priest is never used for such by the apostles, no, not by the most ancient Fathers, as Bellarmine himself confesseth) must be τυποι, stamps amd patterns to the believers in word and conversation; everything in them is eminent and exemplary. Jesus knew all the attainments of the earth, and He could appreciate their excellency and beauty too;… but nothing of all this could east light on the deepest problems that agitate the human heart-what must I do to be saved? This work is a commentary on the whole New Testament. In the same way, let your light shine before others, so that … We read of a time when this earth, so full of fair shapes and wonderful provisions, was without form and void. Maundrell, Jowett, and others suppose that the Sermon on the Mount was delivered in the vicinity of the present city of Safed, or “the Horns of Huttin” (see the notes at Matthew 5:1), and that this city may have been in his eye, and may have been directly referred to by the Saviour when he uttered this sentiment. This means, that they ought to live in such a manner, as if the eyes of all were upon them. No definite town is intended; Saphet has been conjectured; see, on the other hand, Robinson, Pal. The wall is mostly modern, but built on one more ancient, portions of which can be seen on the east side. II. 5. And the purpose of that light is to reveal God, and what He is like, to men on earth. (Matthew 5:16) Yet the Christian is not like the sun, self-luminous, but borrows his rays, like the moon, from a primal source. “You are the light of the world. The world’s moral darkness implied. So in us there should be nothing of evil to draw away men’s eyes from the light and fix them upon our imperfections. Matthew 5:11; Matthew 5:13), then that would be conduct as opposed to the purpose for which you are destined as if a town set on a hill should wish to be concealed, or if one were to place (Matthew 5:15) a light under a bushel. In God's good time the Light which was to lighten every man came into the world. II. you are the salt of the world. I. Christian professing. Matthew 6:20 - But store up for yourselves treasures in heaven, where neither moth nor rust destroys, and where thieves do not break in or steal; on StudyLight.org 3. This implies that the true light has been kindled in us. These ancient parts of the castle render it all but certain that there was then a city or citadel on this most conspicuous ‹hill‘ top; and our Lord might well point to it to illustrate and confirm his precept. Bab. III.  H. Leo Boles, Commentary on Matthew (Nashville, Tennessee: The Gospel Advocate Company), p. 128. (W. M. (Mat 5:14-16) The followers of Jesus should be like light. Not far from this little hill is the city Saphet, supposed to be the ancient Bethulia. But before all this His work one word was uttered—one element called into being—which was necessary for every function of created nature. We are in the light and cannot help ourselves.’. These ancient parts of the castle render it all but certain that there was then a city or citadel on this most conspicuous ‹hill‘ top; and our Lord might well point to it to illustrate and confirm his precept. III. “And glorify your Father which is in Heaven.” Your good works may be seen, and ought to be seen, but to God’s glory, and not your own. And it shines to all who are in the house. The Church’s responsibility. To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use the convenient, Baker Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology, Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament, Watson's Biblical & Theological Dictionary, International Standard Bible Encyclopedia. Christian men individually, and the Christian Church as a whole, shine by derived light. Examples. There are two ways by which you equalize the temperature of a hotter and a colder body, the one is by the hot one getting cold, and the other is by the cold one getting hot. The true disciple’s position and calling. A city that is set on a hill cannot be hid.". What does this teach us as to the Church of Christ? ), Th,e light to reveal the work, not the worker, It is thus that his own sun works daily in the heavens: who dares look at the sun when he so shines as to fill the earth with all the beauty of summer? In what sense is the Church a proper object of belief or faith? 3, which is quoted by Keim, it cannot be said to imply the existence of any practice, and it refers besides to … What are the limits of lawful showing of our deeds, so that we may not break the law which bids us be secret? Beneath the surface of all this beauty … we find lurking the most revolting immorality. You Christians are like a city built upon a hilltop, you must be seen. A lamp must be trimmed if it is to give a good light. Get rid of Divine origin of the Church, and the mention of it has no place in Creed. Light either kills or develops vegetation, depending on whether or not it is rooted in soil; and the gospel has that same dual function ( 2 Corinthians 2:15ff ). II. (A. Maclaren, D. D.), If you are not warming the world, the world is chilling you, If you take a red-hot ball out of a furnace and lay it down upon a frosty moor, two processes will go on-the ball will lose its heat and the surrounding atmosphere will gain. The word light implies a saving knowledge of the truth. Ye are the light of the world. I. on StudyLight.org I. A personal work to every man who is the subject of it. God is not a secret to be kept. If ye forgive men their trespasses, your heavenly Father will also forgive you — We are not to infer from this, that the forgiving of injuries alone will entitle us to pardon. It is now one of the four holy cities of the Jews, and probably existed as a fortress in our Lordâs time (Thomsonâs The Land and the Book, p. 273). ), Christ shines into the world through the lives of His people, Do you ever pause to think out how it is that our streets are nightly lighted up? The parable was spoken expressly to illustrate the sentiment in the last verse of that chapter. (14) The light of the world.âIn its highest or truest sense the word belongs to Christ, and to Him only (John 1:9; John 8:12). 16; 1 Thessalonians 2:19), the approval of God (ver. Remig. The witness is maintained in two ways—. (Read the entire sermon - Matthew 5:14-16 Christians the Light of the World) You are the light - Not " a " light, but " the " light. Aug.: By the world here we must not understand heaven and earth, but the men who are in the world; or those who love the world for whose enlightenment the Apostles were sent. Commentary on Matthew 5:1,2 (Read Matthew 5:1,2) None will find happiness in this world or the next, who do not seek it from Christ by the rule of his word. The present Hebrew name is Zephath, and may either refer to its elevation like a watchtower, or to the beauty and grandeur of the surrounding prospects. In the same way, let your light shine before others, so that … Jesus is addressing his followers in this encouraging, but challenging text. By that discovery, to which we have been so long accustomed that we have ceased to reckon it wonderful. Here we are conducted to a still higher view of the believer's privileged condition and estate. 2 Chronicles 12:7 - When the Lord saw that they humbled themselves, the word of the Lord came to Shemaiah, saying, 'They have humbled themselves so I will not destroy them, but I will grant them some measure of deliverance, and My wrath shall not be poured out on Jerusalem by means of Shishak. 1. Chapter 5. There is a famous example of a message that was sent in WWII ‘Send reinforcements we’re going to advance’ His ministers are λύχνοι, John 5:35, and φωστῆρες, Philippians 2:15, receiving their light, and only burning for a time. The eyes of the world were upon them. 1. Matthew 3:3 - For this is the one referred to by Isaiah the prophet when he said, ' The voice of one crying in the wilderness , ‘ Make ready the way of the Lord , Make His paths straight !'' Let your light so shine before men, that they may see your good works and glorify your Father in heaven.” This light discloses God, the way to heaven, etc. (Dr. J. Christians allow the world to understand how much God loves them and what Jesus has done to restore their relationship with him. Be not a flashing meteor, exciting transitory curiosity with thy blaze of profession. Bede, in Loc. This is to be done by the position we take up. How skilled are we at communicating? And now, the basis of discipleship having been sorted out, we can move on to the detail. (See the note on Matthew 5:5;). ), Our measure of light will depend greatly upon the clearness and sensibility of our spiritual perceptive and receptive capacities. 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